Lietuvių kalbos būdvardžių su priesaga *-lo- raida

Saulius Ambrazas




A lot of traits of archaic merger of the adjective suffixes *-lo-, *-no- and *-ro- have been attested in Lithuanian, cf. Lith. le-las ‘slender, slim, thin’ (Latv. liels ‘big’), Lith. lenas ‘thin, flexible’ (OIc. linr, MIr. lan ‘soft’) and Gk. λειρός ‘lean, thin; pole; weak’; Lith. tuk-ls, tk-nas, tuk-ns and tuk-rs ‘fat’. The synonymic usage of derivatives with -lus (-) and -nus (-) is especially characteristic of Lithuanian, cf. kim-ls (-) and kim-ns (-) ‘hoorse, raucous’, patrauk-ls (-) and patrauk-ns (-) ‘attractive, winning’ a. o.

On the other hand, in Lithuanian deverbal adjectives with the old suffix -las (-a) are going to become extinct under the press of very productive corresponding derivatives with the derivational ending -us (-i). A little more new adjectives are formed with -lus (-i) (i. e. with u-stem variant of the old suffix -las) but the great part of them have equivalents in -us (-i), cf. dyg-ls (-) and dyg-s (-) ‘mickly’ tįs-ls (-) and tįs-s (-) ‘extensive, lengthy’ a. o.

Very few adjectives with the suffixes, based on *-lo-, are formed from nouns in Lithuanian. Some of them also have correspondences in other Indo-European languages, cf. Lith. ak-las ‘sarp-sightedlant’ : aks ‘eye’ and Lat. cīv-īlis ‘civic, civil’ : cīvis ‘citizen’.

DOI: 10.15388/baltistica.41.1.1122

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